Intelligenz - Unterschiede in der Hardware (1/3)
( Gehirn, Gene, Schulerfolg...)

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 Die Datenlage ist eindeutig: Die Gene spielen bei der Ausbildung der Intelligenz eine entscheidende Rollle. Im Durchschnitt können ca. 50 Prozent der Intelligenzunterschiede (der Varianz) zwischen Menschen durch Unterschiede in den Anlagen erklärt werden. Aber wie kommt man auf diese 50 Prozent? Und warum werden sie häufig falsch verstanden?
Außerdem:
Was ist im Gehirn intelligenter Menschen anders?
Wie hängen Intelligenz und Schulerfolg zusammen?



Keywords:
Matthäus-Effekt - PISA - soziale Ungerechtigkeit - Lesen - Vorwissen Prädiktor für Lernerfolg - neural efficiency hypothese - Kompensation durch Interesse - hohe Zusammenhänge zw. Intelligenz und Schulerfolg (Kausalrichtung?) - Schule macht intelligent - Förderung - Anlage-Umwelt-Debatte - 50% Umwelt : 50% Gene - Vorsicht bei Interpretation

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Zum Nachlesen und Vertiefen:

 BBC- Dokumentation, die Einblicke in die Intelligenztestung gibt.
Der Kreativitätstest [23:45] "Male ein Bild mit dem Titel 'The Creative Process' ist ziemlich invalide und es ist kein Wunder, dass dieser Test bisher kaum in der wissenschaftlichen Forschung verwendet wurde. Der Test zur emotionalen Intelligenz [30:25] hat auch nicht wirklich überzeugt.
Die Aussage von Howard Gardner, dass die Fähigkeiten in unterschiedlichen Bereichen, überhaupt nicht zusammen hängen, wurde vielfach widerlegt.



Prof. Dr. Lutz Jäncke u.a. zur Bedeutung von Anlage und Umwelt für die Entwicklung der Intelligenz



Intelligenz_Gehirn, Gene, Schulerfolg_Download

mp3- Links:

Download_Audio_mp3 Ist Intelligenz erblich?

Download_Audio_mp3  Great Ideas in Psychology Podcast: Race, Genetics and Intelligence
 

Download_Audio_mp3  Funkkolleg Psychologie: Intelligenz 




 

 

 

 

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